Bid Limit: All bids should include freight/shipping and/or installation if applicable
- $3,000 – $5,000 – one written bid must be provided for purchasing review before the order can be placed
- $5,000 – $10,000 – three written bids must be provided for purchasing review before the order can be placed
- $10,000 – Contact KSC Purchasing and we will assist you with the USNH formal bid process
Purchasing must obtain competitive pricing for the purchase of goods or services $10,000.00 or over through a formal bid process, unless the purchase is covered by the following types of existing contracts: USNH, state, federal, or other cooperative contract or pricing agreement (NHCUC, GSA, E&I). Any solicitation issued by purchasing is not a commitment to issue an order.
Types of solicitations
Request for Information (RFI)
An RFI is used when you don’t know exactly what you want or you don’t know what is available in the marketplace. The information received as a result of the RFI may assist in determining whether a formal request for bid or proposal is necessary.
Request for Qualifications (RFQ)
An RFQ is most often used for the selection of Architects, General Contractors and Construction Managers.
Request for Bid (RFB)
An RFB is used when you know precisely what you need and have precise requirements and specifications.
Request for Proposal (RFP)
The RFP is a hybrid of these documents. An RFP is used when you have a general idea with some specifications and/or it’s a large, complex project with potential for multiple solutions.
Initiating the bid process:
A Department can initiate the bid process by communicating their needs to purchasing as follows:
- Email – preferred (attach Word, Excel, or other document)
- In person
Overview of the bid process:
Once the request is received by purchasing, the following process occurs:
- Purchasing assigns a bid number to all requests (RFB, RFP, RFQ or RFI) for tracking purposes. This number should be referenced on all documentation relating to the request (e.g. bid document, correspondence, email, Banner document)
- A specific due date and time are assigned to all requests
- Purchasing creates the RFB, RFP, RFQ or RFI request document
- Purchasing issues the RFB, RFP, RFQ or RFI to interested vendors and posts to the purchasing web site
- Responses are sent to purchasing by the specified date and time
- Responses are confidential until the due date and time
- A public opening of all responses will be held at purchasing or another specified location
- The contact person from the business unit, as well as all firms, are encouraged to attend
- All responses are evaluated by purchasing and the contact person
- When applicable, a detailed summary of all responses is tabulated to assist in the evaluation process
- The summary is distributed to the contact person or review committee
- A decision on the award is made with collaboration from purchasing
- If a decision is made to award, Purchasing contacts the business unit and instructs them on the next steps of the procurement process.
- If insurance or bonding or a W-9 is required from the awarded firm, purchasing will work with the responsible business unit to ensure that these requirements are met prior to working on campus
In general, awards are made to the lowest cost, most responsive and responsible firm meeting the specifications and delivery requirements outlined in the request for bid or proposal. On the more complex purchases, evaluation factors such as past technical experience, years in business, customer references, and life cycle costing are considered, in addition to price.